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Embryo Donation

Embryo donation is a well-established and successful form of assisted conception treatment. It offers hope for select groups of couples who previously thought they could never have children. Embryo donation is usually less expensive and has fewer medical complications compared to in-vitro fertilization (IVF). The success of embryo donation compares favorably with egg donation.

Recommended :

  • When both partners are infertile -The female partner has a uterus but her ovaries do not produce eggs and the male partner has either a very poor sperm or no sperm in his ejaculate.
  • Couples who are at a high risk of passing on genetic disorders to their offspring
  • Women with recurrent IVF failures








IVF Surrogacy

This is when a woman carries a pregnancy created by the egg and sperm of the genetic couple. The carrier is not genetically related to the child.

IVF surrogacy may be recommended in :

  • Women whose ovaries are producing eggs but whose uterus is malformed/damaged /absent or has had a hysterectomy (removal of uterus) for medical reasons.
  • Women who suffer from medical problems such as diabetes, heart and kidney diseases and in whom a pregnancy would be life threatening, but their long term prospect for health good.

Women who agree to become a surrogate may do so for compassionate reasons to help a sister, daughter or friend. Some women may agree to become surrogates for financial remuneration The ideal surrogate should be married or in a stable relationship and relatively young, less than 35 years old to minimize the obstetric risk to the host and her family. It is also preferable if the surrogate has had at least one previous live birth without complications. In addition, the potential surrogates should not have habits of smoking, alcohol, illicit drug use, or a history of medical disorders such as diabetes, hypertension or Rhesus (Rh) antibodies that could jeopardize the health of the fetus.

Legal issues surrounding surrogacy

It is the responsibility of the genetic couple to find their own host. ART clinics in India are not allowed, by law, to make any host surrogacy arrangements, including monetary compensations.

Both couples (commissioning and host) should take independent legal advice. Written consents and legal documents from both parties are mandatory, before accepting them for treatment. Like any pregnancy, it is impossible to predict the outcome. Issues such as if a fetal abnormality is diagnosed during the pregnancy and consent for termination of pregnancy, responsibility toward the host in case of a high risk pregnancy, etc have to be clearly defined. A guardian should be appointed to take care of the child if the commissioning couple predeceases the child.

All couples contemplating surrogacy must be aware of the small possibility of bonding between the host and the child and that she can change her mind. It is important for couples to recognize that the woman who carries the child is the not the mother. Consequently, a host can be compelled to hand over the child.

A child born thru surrogacy must be adopted by the genetic( biological )parents, by Indian law, unless they can establish thru DNA printing that it is not theirs.

Surrogacy arrangements will require the good will of both parties and the genetic couple will have to seek a change in parentage through the court.


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